Elapidae - 2007 Publications
Oxyuranus temporalis - Central Ranges
Doughty et al. (2007)
describe a new species of taipan from the Central ranges of Western
Australia, near the state line with the Northern Territory: Oxyuranus temporalis.
The new species differs from its two congeneric
species O. scutellatus and O. microlepidotus in lacking a temporolabial scale and having six rather than seven infralabial scales. Phylogenetic analysis of mtDNA
sequences showed it to be the sister species of the two previously known
taipans. The new species is known from a single specimen, so very little is
known of its natural history, and nothing of its venom.
- Doughty, P., B. Maryan,
S.C. Donnellan & M.N. Hutchinson (2007) A new species of taipan
(Elapidae: Oxyuranus) from central Australia. Zootaxa
1422: 45–58. pdf
javanicus synonymised with B. candidus
Kuch & Mebs (2007)
examine variation in morphology, mitochondrial DNA sequence and alpha-bungarotoxin gene sequence in Bungarus spp. in Java.
Their findings demonstrate that the uniformly black kraits described as a
separate species, Bungarus javanicus, by Kopstein
(1932) are in fact conspecific with the widespread species Bungarus candidus.
The authors note profound pattern variability in the normally very conservative
B. candidus in Java and discuss the likely causes of this phenomenon.
- Kuch, U. & D. Mebs (2007) The identity of the Javan
Krait, Bungarus javanicus Kopstein, 1932
(Squamata: Elapidae): evidence from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequence
analyses and morphology. Zootaxa 1426: 1-26.
Di-Bernardo et al. (2007) describe a new species of
triadal coral snake of the Micrurus frontalis complex
from the state of Rio Grande do Sul in southern Brazil: Micrurus
silviae. The new species differs from other regional triadal
coral snakes in having a largely black snout, a black head, a white gular region and the realtive
length of the different elements of the triadal
pattern. The species is currently only known from Rio Grande
do Sul, Brazil.
- Di-Bernardo, M., M. Borges-Martins & N.J.
da Silva (2007) A new species of coralsnake (Micrurus:
Elapidae) from southern Brazil.
Zootaxa 1447: 1-20.
Walterinnesia - Desert black snake
Nilson & Rastegar-Pouyani (2007) examined morphological variation in
the genus Walterinnesia across its distribution, from Egypt to Iran. The eastern populations (from
Turkey and Saudi Arabia to Iran) were found to differ consistently from those
further west (Egypt, Israel, Jordan) in having lower scale row counts around
the neck (21-23, vs. usually 25-27 in western populations), and in having a
banded juvenile pattern (uniform in western populations). Nilson & Rastegar-Pouyani therfore
recognise the eastern form as a distinct species of Walterinnesia, for
which the name Walterinnesia morgani (Mocquard,
1905) is the oldest available name.
- Nilson, G. & N. Rastegar-Pouyani
(2007) Walterinnesia aegyptia Lataste,
1887 (Ophidia: Elapidae) and the status of Naja morgani Mocquard 1905. Russian Journal of Herpetology, 14:
Naja ashei - Ashe's spitting cobra
Left and middle: Holotype of Naja ashei; right:
venom extraction showing huge venom yield from an average-sized adult.
Wüster & Broadley (2007) use multivariate morphometrics and mitochondrial
DNA sequencing to investigate the systematicsof the
spitting cobras of eastern Africa, and describe a new species from eastern and
northern Kenya, southern Ethiopia, southern Somalia
and eastern Uganda:
Naja ashei. The species had previously been flagged as a distinct,
large, brown colour phase of Naja nigricollis. The new species differs
from East African N. nigricollis in aspects of pattern (light venter, brown dorsum, no black scale edges on lips or
ventrals, no well defined dark band on neck) and scalation (combination of high
ventral scale counts [> 195] and dorsal scale row counts [21+ around neck]).
The new species is notable for its large size (specimens measuring 200 cm are
not unusual) and its large venom yield.
- Wüster , W. & D.G. Broadley (2007) Get an
eyeful of this: a new species of giant spitting cobra from eastern and
north-eastern Africa (Squamata:
Serpentes: Elapidae: Naja). Zootaxa 1532:
Phylogeny of Naja, status
of Paranaja, Boulengerina and Naja nigricincta
From left to right: Naja annulata stormsi, Naja
multifasciata, Naja nigricincta woodi
et al. (2007) investigated the phylogeny of the cobra group of elapid snakes
using mtDNA sequence analysis, with particular emphasis on the evolution of
venom spitting and the phylogenography of the African
spitting Naja. The phylogeny of the cobra group recovered both Boulengerina
annulata and Paranaja multifasciata as nested within Naja,
grouping with N. melanoleuca. Since this leaves Naja paraphyletic,
the genera Boulengerina and Paranaja were synonymised
with Naja. The phylogenetic analysis also revealed that the taxa nigricincta
and woodi share a more recent common ancestor with N. ashei and N.
mossambica than with N. nigricollis. Since they are also well
differentiated morphologically, N. nigricincta clearly represents a
separate species from N. nigricollis. The taxon woodi was
retained as a subspecies of N. nigricincta pending a more detailed
analysis of the contact zones between the two.
- Wüster , W., S. Crookes, I. Ineich,
Y. Mane, C.E. Pook, J.-F. Trape & D.G.Broadley
phylogeny of cobras inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences: evolution
of venom spitting and the phylogeography of the African spitting cobras
(Serpentes: Elapidae: Naja nigricollis complex). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 45: 437-453. pdf
Revision of Demansia
and Scanlon (2007) revised the complex group of small species of Demansia once referred to the species D. olivacea †and D. torquata. The following nine species
are recognised: D. olivacea
(Kimberley and Top End), D. torquata (coastal Queensland),
(central and northwestern Western
Australia), D. angusticeps
(Kimberley, western Northern Territory), D. flagellatio (western Queensland), D. rufescens
(Pilbara, Western Australia), and the newly described species D. quaesitor (Northern
Territory, western Queensland, extreme eastern Western Australia, D. rimicola
(eastern Western Australia, Northern Territory, southwestern
and central Queensland and neighbouring South Australia and northwestern
NSW) and D. shinei
(southern half of Northern Territory, poss central
Western Australia). The species differ in aspects of colour pattern and
- Shea, G.M.
& J.D. Scanlon (2007) Revision of the small tropical whipsnakes
previously referred to Demansia olivacea (Gray, 1842) and Demansia torquata (GŁnther, 1862)
(Squamata: Elapidae). Records of the Australian Museum, 59: 117-142. †